Hedgehog Facts


Here’s a quick and short guide to some simple facts about hedgehogs, some of which you might have already known and some of which that you might be hearing for the very first time. Hedgehogs are very interesting creatures and pets to own and if treated with care, will be around for years to come.



The hedgehog actually originated from Africa and is native to Africa as well. A lot of people think they were bred and originally from America, but they’re in fact from Africa as they were called the “African Pygmy.” However, despite having the official title of the African Pygmy, Hedgehogs today are for the most part mixed with other species of hedgehog and in the most common household as a pet, you’ll find many different mixes.



Hedgehogs like most exotic pets will rely on eating insects for nutrition and to survive. This is what makes feeding them such an easy and non-costly task and the official word for this is (insectivore). However, they won’t only eat insects because if they’re hungry enough, they’ll eat just about anything that comes their way that they can fit into their mouths. That’s why it’s important to make sure that you’re keeping an eye on what’s in their tank and what you’re feeding them.



You’ll notice that there are these spines like features that cover the entire back of a hedgehog. While some people are alarmed by these, they’re not as dangerous as you might think and they only come into use when a hedgehog feels threatened. You’ll be glad to know that not only are they not fata, they’re just simply hollow little hairs that don’t have any poison inside of them, so you won’t have to scramble for antidote or go to a hospital more than likely. All you have to do is pull them out and deal with the precision pain.



If you’ve ever played sonic the hedgehog, then you might have noticed that at certain points or to roll, they’ll curl up into a defensive ball. Basically, when a hedgehog feels threatened or they feel like they’re in danger, they’ll curl up into this defense little ball and they’ll cover their entire face; protect their limbs and their bellies in the process. This doesn’t mean it’s about to roll into you but it’s just being defensive and doesn’t warn to be harmed. If needed or provoked, it will stick the spines into something only to scare it off and not to actually do serious harm.


Running Speed

If a hedgehog needs to, they can run at pretty quick speeds of six feet per second. This is quite amazing if you consider the general size of the hedgehog and try to calculate just how quick you’d need to be going to run six feet per second. This is usually the first line of defense for most hedgehogs because they would much rather evade danger than try to curl up into a ball to scare it off.


Hearing And Smell

Did you know that hedgehogs can hear sounds at a very ultrasonic range? These animals have astonishing hearing and their smell is just as great. This helps them detect threats from far away to help them survive and adapt in the wild. They’ve been around for millions of years because of their swift detection and ability to move away from harm very quickly.


Poisons And Hedgehogs

Some people have made claims that hedgehogs are immune to poisons and other venoms that some exotic pets may have for defense mechanisms but this has never been proven nor should it be trusted. To keep your hedgehog and other pets safe, it’s best to keep a hedgehog away from any pet that has poison or is a carrier of anything toxic.


Human Bonding

Contrary to popular belief, they actually enjoy bonding with humans more than they do other animals. Hedgehogs are known to be distant when it comes to being social with their family species or other familiar species but they enjoy the company of humans and their master quite thoroughly. It’s not quite commonly known why this is, but there are quite a few theories that exist on the phenomenon. Perhaps they’re just independent creatures that prefer to travel alone and do things on their own.



The hedgehog is used to living in warm climates and is going to thrive in a perfect moderate temperature of about 73 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit.



Did you know that you have to give a hedgehog 12 hours of lighting at a minimum every single day? Hedgehogs for whatever reason prefer to have all of their darkness and lighting controlled. 

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